Equity of STEM Encouragement

The inequity in STEM is shocking and we as educators have the unique opportunity to attack this problem and inspire our future generation to pursue STEM.

Source: https://www.teachermagazine.com.au/articles/stem-captain-leading-the-way
This is a short discussion between Dr. Shirley Ann Jackson and Dr. Bruce Jones about the untapped potential of minorities in STEM. I encourage you to watch this short introduction as to why we need to encourage all of our students – specifically women and minorities – to pursue STEM.

What is Equity?

Equality and equity are not the same thing. To understand the goal of this post – equity in STEM encouragement – we must first understand the terms. Equity means there is access to the same resources – fairness. Equality means everyone has the same thing – sameness. SMART Reading made a brilliant graphic to illustrate this idea.

Source: https://smartreading.org/about-smart/equity/

Our goal as educators should be to give all of our students, no matter their gender, racial, or ethnic identity the access to the same opportunities that can be found in STEM.

What is the current status of women and minorities in STEM?

Women and minority populations are currently extremely underrepresented in STEM. According to the Pew Research Center, people who identify as Black and Hispanic are the LOWEST represented in STEM careers.

There is an extremely level of untapped potential and talent because of inequity of access of STEM opportunities for minority populations. As you can see above, the employment of Black and Hispanic populations in STEM is staggeringly low.

This inequity can also be seen, for example, of women that receive degrees in mathematics or statistics, according to an NSF/NCSES research study.

The numbers of women pursuing degrees in mathematics and statistics are decreasing, not only in terms of receiving an advanced degree, but they are fewer women pursuing these degrees every ten years. This decline is saddening, and as educators, we need to try to change this.

How do we equitably encourage STEM?

The first way that I propose that we encourage STEM is through mentorship programs. Blow you will find a video that Princeton University put out concerning the power of mentors in helping students succeed in STEM.

I encourage you to watch this video and take note on just how important mentorship is to people.

In the classroom:

As a future educator, I want to develop a mentorship program for my students.

  • Connecting younger students with other students who have been successful in my classes previously.
  • Connecting to the greater community and calling upon different people within the field of Chemistry, for instance, that can connect with my students.
  • Every month or every other week, there could be a “Connection Friday”
    • This day students and their mentors can come together.
    • They can choose to get help on homework, ask each other questions, or just talk about life.

Giving students the connections to people to help them and serve as a guide is invaluable for encouragement to stay within STEM.

The second way that I propose that we equitably encourage STEM is through introducing new extracurricular programing specifically designed for different populations and STEM involvement.

Eastern Michigan University created, Digital Divas. This after school program allowed for high school girls, who were interested in STEM, to get together and travel to the university’s campus and participate in experiments and mentorship with university women.

Source: https://www.sme.org/technologies/articles/2020/august/promoting-stem-careers-for-women/

In the classroom:

As an educator in STEM, I can help to be an advisor and advocate for afterschool clubs like Digital Divas. In this example I will be talking about a Women in Science Group. As an educator/advisor I would…

  • Help identify and recruit students who would appreciate and benefit from the programing
  • Help apply for different grants and funding to allow for different experiments and activities to be completed within the group
  • Use personal connections with neighboring universities and business to bring the girls opportunities to network and gain perspectives outside of their own “worlds”


Listed below are some resources to aid in your further journey in understanding the importance of why educators need to push to make STEM opportunity equitable to all!


  1. Hi Colleen! I want to start by saying that your mentorship idea is amazing! The video that you attached about mentorship and importance really helped emphasis your idea of the program and I love that– also your after-school club idea is fantastic as well, that has given me an idea to potentially do something similar in the future!

  2. Hi Colleen!
    Thanks for sharing your thoughts about equity in STEM! My favorite aspect of your post is the fact that you emphasized the difference between equity and equality–importance concepts that often get messed up in our society today. What our students need is NOT to be all given the same exact thing. They need to be given what will give them an equal chance to succeed. This may look different for every single one of our students based on their past experiences and starting out points in life. We must be cognizant that fair is not always equal!

  3. Hi Colleen,
    I enjoyed reading your post on equity in STEM. In relation to encouraging equity in STEM, I particularly liked how you discussed creating a mentorship program for your students. I think this is an effective way to get students involved in STEM because when students have guidance, support and role models to look up to, they are more likely to visualize themselves in STEM in the future. Who might be one nonstudent mentor/role model in the community that you can connect with your students?

    • Hi Lauren! Thank you so much for reading my post! Focusing on Cincinnati, reaching out to leaders within P&G or the local area’s civil engineer or reaching out to the universities (UC and Miami) in the area and asking if professors/students would like to come and speak. There are an abundance of different people and places that I could draw upon to give the students different mentors and role models that are using STEM careers in different and interesting ways.

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