Are you teaching your students in the way they learn best? If you aren’t using Constructivism then the answer is no!!!
In their article 2001 “The Many Forms of Constructivism”, Purdue professors George Bodner and Micheal Klobuchar discuss the idea of Constructivism and the varying types of Constructivism
What is Constructivism?
- Educational theory about how people learn
- People construct knowledge through past experiences
- Add to and correct prior knowledge
- Active way of learning
One of these teaching methods is easier for the teacher. But the other is much more beneficial for the student! Which do you think is best?
Types of Constructivism
- Traditional Constructivism– Schema are formed from an early age and then adapted as new knowledge is constructed
- Personal Constructivism– The construction of knowledge is done by individuals to meet their owns needs
- Radical Constructivism– Knowledge is not passive, the goal of cognition is to organize our experiences in the world and make then meaningful
- Social Constructivism– Social effects and language may modify the knowledge constructed by an individual
- Critical Constructivism– Teaching and learning are socially constructed
- Contextual Constructivism– Culture has an effect on the development and organization of an individual’s thoughts
Important Things to Consider
- Students have a wealth of previous knowledge that will be essential to their learning
- Not all students have common previous knowledge
- Students may have different previous knowledge then you have/had
- Not all previous knowledge will be strictly academic related, but it ALL can be applied in the classroom
Examples of Constructivism in the Classroom
Constructivism in the classroom can truly enrich students learning and provide them with a more interesting learning environment.
- Allow students to demonstrate their understanding of motion through a project about their favorite sport
- Provide photographs at the beginning of a lesson and have a discuss about them with students
- Relate your lesson to pop culture
- Get to know your students interests and allow them to use these as basis for research and projects
- Give students open ended problems to solve using their prior knowledge of similar situations
J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 8, 1107. Publication Date:August 1, 2001 https://doi.org/10.1021/ed078p1107.4