The Bernardine Church and Monastery in Lwów (now Lviv), Poland, transformed into the Greek Church of St. Andrew, was founded in the mid-15th century. After Moldovan plundering in 1509, the church was reconstructed and consecrated in 1630. The column in the right foreground features a now lost sculpture of St. John of Dukla, the patron saint of Poland.
Towards the close of World War I (WWI), Lwów came under Ukrainian rule and became the capital of the West Ukrainian People’s Republic. Polish youths led an uprising and reinstated Polish control. The distinctive yellow and orange coloration represents the Western iconography of optimism, joy and hope, reflective of rising from the ashes and renewal following WWI.