What gets you up in the morning? What makes you do the things you do? These are the types of questions that I asked when it comes to the idea of “drive.”
So, what is “drive?”
The idea of “drive” goes back until the beginning of time. It’s the basic motivation that is the reason we respond and do certain things in day-to-day life.
Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic Motivation
In the above infographic, it shows the main differences between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.
Intrinsic: The desire to do something because you want to. Students often don’t come in intrinsically motivated until a topic genuinely interests them. In the classroom, this is what is what teachers want to guide their students towards.
Extrinsic: The desire to do something because you get rewarded or punished. This is typically how most students start off in the classroom. They are driven by grades and extra credit and not the desire to learn topics due to their own curiosity.
In the above video, it talks about how teachers can guide motivation in the classroom for all students.
In Daniel Pink’s book DRiVE, he talks about three main components that go into what drives human beings.
- Mastery: Wanting to get better at a certain skill
- Students that want that mastery will want to be the best at it and perfect the craft until they can’t anymore. The gratification of mastering something is satisfying for everyone, including students. Intrinsic motivation typically motivates someone to want to master a topic.
- Autonomy: Self direction
- Students want control over what they are learning, I mean, so does everyone. Giving students that opportunity to take control will feed their autonomous drive and will in the end, intrinsically motivate them to want to learn more.
- Purpose: The reason
- Students will ask, “When will we use this in real life?” or “What’s the purpose in learning this?” and expect you to have a concrete answer. They want this confirmation to feed their drive for purpose. If students see the purpose for what they’re doing, they’re more likely to commit to it whole-heartedly and want to go even further into a subject.
Students LOVE to learn about topics that interest them. Try driving their intrinsic motivation by asking the students what they want to learn about and adding it to the lesson plan! #EDT431 #scienceteaching @AnnMacKenzie
— Miss K (@k_kopack_sci) September 28, 2018
Ways to drive intrinsic motivation in the classroom:
- Bring in the student’s interests to the lesson to engage their curiosity
- Venture off into the margins of your lesson plans to bring the real world into the classroom
- Do hand-on lab experiments to show the relationships between concepts
- Add fun demos that the students can create and be a part of
Students are going to take away so much more if their intrinsic motivation tops their extrinsic motivation. Once the students aren’t so worried about their grades, their curiosity will take over and drive the rest of their learning!